Old Permic vocabulary drill

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This is a simple multiple-choice quiz drawing on V. I. Lytkin, Древнепермский язык (Moscow 1952), especially the glossary on pp. 122–147. You can use it to check your knowledge of the attested Old Permic vocabulary, or practise with it for a few minutes each day to help you learn. (Some forms and variants given by Lytkin are not yet included here.) A separate section allows you to practise identifying the letters of the Old Permic script.

You can switch between testing yourself on the script and on the vocabulary by clicking the ‘Script’ and ‘Vocabulary’ buttons. The Unicode Consortium does in fact recognize the Old Permic alphabet, but (at the time of writing) fonts that support it are all but non-existent. This program therefore makes use of Abur Minimal, an extremely rudimentary Old Permic font of my own creation. It ought to work with any reasonable combination of device, operating system, and browser; if you cannot see the Old Permic letters here iugyd then I am afraid it seems not to work with the particular combination you are using.

Old Permic grammar is not treated in this program in any systematic way, but I have deliberately included a selection of different forms of some words so that working on the vocabulary will also involve a certain exposure to the morphology of the language as represented in the texts. The syntax, of course, is not covered at all.

The Cyrillic spelling of Old Permic words here follows Lytkin exactly; if you prefer, you can switch between Cyrillic and Romanized spellings using the buttons at the foot of the screen. The English definitions are mostly adapted from Lytkin’s Russian and Church Slavonic glosses, but I have also been guided by the contexts in which particular words occur in Old Permic and occasionally by reference works on modern Komi-Zyrian.

The program is primarily intended to be used with smartphones, although it may work on tablets, desktop computers, laptops, etc., as well. Users of iOS or Android devices can save an icon to their home screens and then run the program full-screen as though it were an installed app: just tap ‘Menu’ (in Chrome on Android) or ‘Share’ (in Safari on iOS), then ‘Add to home screen’.

This application is provided ‘as is’ and any expressed or implied warranties are disclaimed.

It is also provided for you to use free of charge without advertising. If you find it helpful or interesting, you could consider supporting me on Patreon.

Please contact me by email if you have a question, or (especially) if you discover any inaccuracies. If you need to report a bug, it would be helpful if you could tell me which browser you are using (e.g. Safari, Opera, Firefox) and also the make and model of your device and the operating system version (e.g. iOS 10.3.3).

      Edmund Griffiths, December 2017


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And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak in other languages















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